[Commits] Rev 4075: MDEV-5926: EITS: Histogram estimates for column=least_possible_value are wrong in file:///home/psergey/dev2/10.0/

Sergey Petrunya psergey at askmonty.org
Wed Mar 26 15:55:03 EET 2014


At file:///home/psergey/dev2/10.0/

------------------------------------------------------------
revno: 4075
revision-id: psergey at askmonty.org-20140326135500-aoqscjyl5aagvywq
parent: psergey at askmonty.org-20140321114237-8neebgq7jfthre82
committer: Sergey Petrunya <psergey at askmonty.org>
branch nick: 10.0
timestamp: Wed 2014-03-26 17:55:00 +0400
message:
  MDEV-5926: EITS: Histogram estimates for column=least_possible_value are wrong
  [Attempt #2]
  - Use a new selectivity calculation formula in Histogram::point_selectivity. 
    The formula is different from the old one because it was developed from scratch.
    it doesn't have any possible division-by-zero problems.
=== modified file 'mysql-test/r/selectivity.result'
--- a/mysql-test/r/selectivity.result	2014-03-20 20:53:41 +0000
+++ b/mysql-test/r/selectivity.result	2014-03-26 13:55:00 +0000
@@ -1,4 +1,4 @@
-drop table if exists t1,t2,t3;
+drop table if exists t0,t1,t2,t3;
 select @@global.use_stat_tables;
 @@global.use_stat_tables
 COMPLEMENTARY
@@ -826,7 +826,7 @@ flush table t1;
 set optimizer_use_condition_selectivity=4;
 explain extended select * from t1 where a=0;
 id	select_type	table	type	possible_keys	key	key_len	ref	rows	filtered	Extra
-1	SIMPLE	t1	ALL	NULL	NULL	NULL	NULL	1025	49.61	Using where
+1	SIMPLE	t1	ALL	NULL	NULL	NULL	NULL	1025	0.39	Using where
 Warnings:
 Note	1003	select `test`.`t1`.`a` AS `a` from `test`.`t1` where (`test`.`t1`.`a` = 0)
 drop table t1;
@@ -1308,15 +1308,54 @@ test.t2	analyze	status	OK
 # The following two must have the same in 'Extra' column:
 explain extended select * from t2 where col1 IN (20, 180);
 id	select_type	table	type	possible_keys	key	key_len	ref	rows	filtered	Extra
-1	SIMPLE	t2	ALL	NULL	NULL	NULL	NULL	1100	1.37	Using where
+1	SIMPLE	t2	ALL	NULL	NULL	NULL	NULL	1100	1.35	Using where
 Warnings:
 Note	1003	select `test`.`t2`.`col1` AS `col1` from `test`.`t2` where (`test`.`t2`.`col1` in (20,180))
 explain extended select * from t2 where col1 IN (180, 20);
 id	select_type	table	type	possible_keys	key	key_len	ref	rows	filtered	Extra
-1	SIMPLE	t2	ALL	NULL	NULL	NULL	NULL	1100	1.37	Using where
+1	SIMPLE	t2	ALL	NULL	NULL	NULL	NULL	1100	1.35	Using where
 Warnings:
 Note	1003	select `test`.`t2`.`col1` AS `col1` from `test`.`t2` where (`test`.`t2`.`col1` in (180,20))
 drop table t1, t2;
+#
+# MDEV-5926: EITS: Histogram estimates for column=least_possible_value are wrong
+#
+create table t0(a int);
+insert into t0 values (0),(1),(2),(3),(4),(5),(6),(7),(8),(9);
+create table t1(a int);
+insert into t1 select A.a from t0 A, t0 B, t0 C;
+set histogram_size=20;
+set histogram_type='single_prec_hb';
+analyze table t1 persistent for all;
+Table	Op	Msg_type	Msg_text
+test.t1	analyze	status	OK
+set use_stat_tables='preferably';
+set optimizer_use_condition_selectivity=4;
+# Should select about 10%:
+explain extended select * from t1 where a=2;
+id	select_type	table	type	possible_keys	key	key_len	ref	rows	filtered	Extra
+1	SIMPLE	t1	ALL	NULL	NULL	NULL	NULL	1000	9.52	Using where
+Warnings:
+Note	1003	select `test`.`t1`.`a` AS `a` from `test`.`t1` where (`test`.`t1`.`a` = 2)
+# Should select about 10%:
+explain extended select * from t1 where a=1;
+id	select_type	table	type	possible_keys	key	key_len	ref	rows	filtered	Extra
+1	SIMPLE	t1	ALL	NULL	NULL	NULL	NULL	1000	9.52	Using where
+Warnings:
+Note	1003	select `test`.`t1`.`a` AS `a` from `test`.`t1` where (`test`.`t1`.`a` = 1)
+# Must not have filtered=100%:
+explain extended select * from t1 where a=0;
+id	select_type	table	type	possible_keys	key	key_len	ref	rows	filtered	Extra
+1	SIMPLE	t1	ALL	NULL	NULL	NULL	NULL	1000	9.52	Using where
+Warnings:
+Note	1003	select `test`.`t1`.`a` AS `a` from `test`.`t1` where (`test`.`t1`.`a` = 0)
+# Again, must not have filtered=100%:
+explain extended select * from t1 where a=-1;
+id	select_type	table	type	possible_keys	key	key_len	ref	rows	filtered	Extra
+1	SIMPLE	t1	ALL	NULL	NULL	NULL	NULL	1000	9.52	Using where
+Warnings:
+Note	1003	select `test`.`t1`.`a` AS `a` from `test`.`t1` where (`test`.`t1`.`a` = <cache>(-(1)))
+drop table t0, t1;
 set histogram_type=@save_histogram_type;
 set histogram_size=@save_histogram_size;
 set optimizer_use_condition_selectivity=@save_optimizer_use_condition_selectivity;

=== modified file 'mysql-test/r/selectivity_innodb.result'
--- a/mysql-test/r/selectivity_innodb.result	2014-03-21 11:42:37 +0000
+++ b/mysql-test/r/selectivity_innodb.result	2014-03-26 13:55:00 +0000
@@ -1,7 +1,7 @@
 SET SESSION STORAGE_ENGINE='InnoDB';
 set @save_optimizer_switch_for_selectivity_test=@@optimizer_switch;
 set optimizer_switch='extended_keys=on';
-drop table if exists t1,t2,t3;
+drop table if exists t0,t1,t2,t3;
 select @@global.use_stat_tables;
 @@global.use_stat_tables
 COMPLEMENTARY
@@ -835,7 +835,7 @@ flush table t1;
 set optimizer_use_condition_selectivity=4;
 explain extended select * from t1 where a=0;
 id	select_type	table	type	possible_keys	key	key_len	ref	rows	filtered	Extra
-1	SIMPLE	t1	ALL	NULL	NULL	NULL	NULL	1025	49.61	Using where
+1	SIMPLE	t1	ALL	NULL	NULL	NULL	NULL	1025	0.39	Using where
 Warnings:
 Note	1003	select `test`.`t1`.`a` AS `a` from `test`.`t1` where (`test`.`t1`.`a` = 0)
 drop table t1;
@@ -1318,15 +1318,54 @@ test.t2	analyze	status	OK
 # The following two must have the same in 'Extra' column:
 explain extended select * from t2 where col1 IN (20, 180);
 id	select_type	table	type	possible_keys	key	key_len	ref	rows	filtered	Extra
-1	SIMPLE	t2	ALL	NULL	NULL	NULL	NULL	1100	1.37	Using where
+1	SIMPLE	t2	ALL	NULL	NULL	NULL	NULL	1100	1.35	Using where
 Warnings:
 Note	1003	select `test`.`t2`.`col1` AS `col1` from `test`.`t2` where (`test`.`t2`.`col1` in (20,180))
 explain extended select * from t2 where col1 IN (180, 20);
 id	select_type	table	type	possible_keys	key	key_len	ref	rows	filtered	Extra
-1	SIMPLE	t2	ALL	NULL	NULL	NULL	NULL	1100	1.37	Using where
+1	SIMPLE	t2	ALL	NULL	NULL	NULL	NULL	1100	1.35	Using where
 Warnings:
 Note	1003	select `test`.`t2`.`col1` AS `col1` from `test`.`t2` where (`test`.`t2`.`col1` in (180,20))
 drop table t1, t2;
+#
+# MDEV-5926: EITS: Histogram estimates for column=least_possible_value are wrong
+#
+create table t0(a int);
+insert into t0 values (0),(1),(2),(3),(4),(5),(6),(7),(8),(9);
+create table t1(a int);
+insert into t1 select A.a from t0 A, t0 B, t0 C;
+set histogram_size=20;
+set histogram_type='single_prec_hb';
+analyze table t1 persistent for all;
+Table	Op	Msg_type	Msg_text
+test.t1	analyze	status	OK
+set use_stat_tables='preferably';
+set optimizer_use_condition_selectivity=4;
+# Should select about 10%:
+explain extended select * from t1 where a=2;
+id	select_type	table	type	possible_keys	key	key_len	ref	rows	filtered	Extra
+1	SIMPLE	t1	ALL	NULL	NULL	NULL	NULL	1000	9.52	Using where
+Warnings:
+Note	1003	select `test`.`t1`.`a` AS `a` from `test`.`t1` where (`test`.`t1`.`a` = 2)
+# Should select about 10%:
+explain extended select * from t1 where a=1;
+id	select_type	table	type	possible_keys	key	key_len	ref	rows	filtered	Extra
+1	SIMPLE	t1	ALL	NULL	NULL	NULL	NULL	1000	9.52	Using where
+Warnings:
+Note	1003	select `test`.`t1`.`a` AS `a` from `test`.`t1` where (`test`.`t1`.`a` = 1)
+# Must not have filtered=100%:
+explain extended select * from t1 where a=0;
+id	select_type	table	type	possible_keys	key	key_len	ref	rows	filtered	Extra
+1	SIMPLE	t1	ALL	NULL	NULL	NULL	NULL	1000	9.52	Using where
+Warnings:
+Note	1003	select `test`.`t1`.`a` AS `a` from `test`.`t1` where (`test`.`t1`.`a` = 0)
+# Again, must not have filtered=100%:
+explain extended select * from t1 where a=-1;
+id	select_type	table	type	possible_keys	key	key_len	ref	rows	filtered	Extra
+1	SIMPLE	t1	ALL	NULL	NULL	NULL	NULL	1000	9.52	Using where
+Warnings:
+Note	1003	select `test`.`t1`.`a` AS `a` from `test`.`t1` where (`test`.`t1`.`a` = <cache>(-(1)))
+drop table t0, t1;
 set histogram_type=@save_histogram_type;
 set histogram_size=@save_histogram_size;
 set optimizer_use_condition_selectivity=@save_optimizer_use_condition_selectivity;

=== modified file 'mysql-test/t/selectivity.test'
--- a/mysql-test/t/selectivity.test	2014-03-20 20:53:41 +0000
+++ b/mysql-test/t/selectivity.test	2014-03-26 13:55:00 +0000
@@ -1,7 +1,7 @@
 --source include/have_stat_tables.inc
 
 --disable_warnings
-drop table if exists t1,t2,t3;
+drop table if exists t0,t1,t2,t3;
 --enable_warnings
 
 select @@global.use_stat_tables;
@@ -885,6 +885,29 @@ explain extended select * from t2 where
 
 drop table t1, t2;
 
+--echo #
+--echo # MDEV-5926: EITS: Histogram estimates for column=least_possible_value are wrong
+--echo #
+create table t0(a int);
+insert into t0 values (0),(1),(2),(3),(4),(5),(6),(7),(8),(9);
+create table t1(a int);
+insert into t1 select A.a from t0 A, t0 B, t0 C;
+set histogram_size=20;
+set histogram_type='single_prec_hb';
+analyze table t1 persistent for all;
+set use_stat_tables='preferably';
+set optimizer_use_condition_selectivity=4;
+--echo # Should select about 10%:
+explain extended select * from t1 where a=2;
+--echo # Should select about 10%:
+explain extended select * from t1 where a=1;
+--echo # Must not have filtered=100%:
+explain extended select * from t1 where a=0;
+--echo # Again, must not have filtered=100%:
+explain extended select * from t1 where a=-1;
+
+drop table t0, t1;
+
 set histogram_type=@save_histogram_type;
 set histogram_size=@save_histogram_size;
 set optimizer_use_condition_selectivity=@save_optimizer_use_condition_selectivity;

=== modified file 'sql/sql_statistics.h'
--- a/sql/sql_statistics.h	2014-02-19 10:05:15 +0000
+++ b/sql/sql_statistics.h	2014-03-26 13:55:00 +0000
@@ -113,7 +113,7 @@ class Histogram
 
 private:
   Histogram_type type;
-  uint8 size;
+  uint8 size; /* Size of values array, in bytes */
   uchar *values;
 
   uint prec_factor()
@@ -142,6 +142,7 @@ class Histogram
 private:
   uint get_value(uint i)
   {
+    DBUG_ASSERT(i < get_width());
     switch (type) {
     case SINGLE_PREC_HB:
       return (uint) (((uint8 *) values)[i]);
@@ -150,7 +151,7 @@ class Histogram
     }
     return 0;
   }
-
+  /* Find the bucket which value 'pos' falls into. */
   uint find_bucket(double pos, bool first)
   {
     uint val= (uint) (pos * prec_factor());
@@ -169,6 +170,10 @@ class Histogram
       else
         break;
     }
+
+    if (val > get_value(i))
+      i++;
+
     if (val == get_value(i))
     {
       if (first)
@@ -234,24 +239,89 @@ class Histogram
     sel= bucket_sel * (max - min + 1);
     return sel;
   } 
+  
+  
+  /*
+    Estimate selectivity of "col=const" using a histogram
+    
+    @param pos      Position of the "const" between column's min_value and 
+                    max_value.  This is a number in [0..1] range.
+    @param avg_sel  Average selectivity of condition "col=const" in this table.
+                    It is calcuated as (#non_null_values / #distinct_values).
+    
+    @return
+       Expected condition selectivity (a number between 0 and 1)
+  */
 
   double point_selectivity(double pos, double avg_sel)
   {
     double sel;
-    double bucket_sel= 1.0/(get_width() + 1);  
+    /* Find the bucket that contains the value 'pos'. */
     uint min= find_bucket(pos, TRUE);
+    uint pos_value= (uint) (pos * prec_factor());
+
+    /* Find how many buckets this value occupies */
     uint max= min;
-    while (max + 1 < get_width() && get_value(max + 1) == get_value(max))
+    while (max + 1 < get_width() && get_value(max + 1) == pos_value)
       max++;
-    double inv_prec_factor= (double) 1.0 / prec_factor(); 
-    double width= (max + 1 == get_width() ?
-                   1.0 : get_value(max) * inv_prec_factor) -
-	          (min == 0 ?
-                   0.0 : get_value(min-1) * inv_prec_factor); 
-    sel= avg_sel * (bucket_sel * (max + 1 - min)) / width;
+
+    if (max > min)
+    {
+      /*
+        The value occupies multiple buckets. Use start_bucket ... end_bucket as
+        selectivity.
+      */
+      double bucket_sel= 1.0/(get_width() + 1);  
+      sel= bucket_sel * (max - min + 1);
+    }
+    else
+    {
+      /* 
+        The value 'pos' fits within one single histogram bucket.
+
+        Histogram buckets have the same numbers of rows, but they cover
+        different ranges of values.
+
+        We assume that values are uniformly distributed across the [0..1] value
+        range.
+      */
+
+      /* 
+        If all buckets covered value ranges of the same size, the width of
+        value range would be:
+      */
+      double avg_bucket_width= 1.0 / (get_width() + 1);
+      
+      /*
+        Let's see what is the width of value range that our bucket is covering.
+          (min==max currently. they are kept in the formula just in case we 
+           will want to extend it to handle multi-bucket case)
+      */
+      double inv_prec_factor= (double) 1.0 / prec_factor(); 
+      double current_bucket_width= 
+          (max + 1 == get_width() ?  1.0 : (get_value(max) * inv_prec_factor)) -
+          (min == 0 ?  0.0 : (get_value(min-1) * inv_prec_factor));
+
+      /*
+        So:
+        - each bucket has the same #rows 
+        - values are unformly distributed across the [min_value,max_value] domain.
+
+        If a bucket has value range that's N times bigger then average, than
+        each value will have to have N times fewer rows than average.
+      */
+      DBUG_ASSERT(current_bucket_width);
+      sel= avg_sel * avg_bucket_width / current_bucket_width;
+
+      /*
+        (Q: if we just follow this proportion we may end up in a situation
+        where number of different values we expect to find in this bucket
+        exceeds the number of rows that this histogram has in a bucket. Are 
+        we ok with this or we would want to have certain caps?)
+      */
+    }
     return sel;
   }
-             
 };
 
 



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